Export and packaging of the hottest Singapore orna

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Export and packaging of ornamental fish in Singapore

tropical ornamental fish farming is very popular in Singapore and has become a major feature of the country's aquaculture industry. In the 1950s, ornamental fish farming was only a sideline in Singapore. After nearly half a century of development, it has formed a thriving industry

at present, there are 126 ornamental fish farms in Singapore, with a breeding area of 165 hectares, and the output value of ornamental fish is S $32.2 million. In addition to the domestic production of fresh water ornamental fish, it also purchases some sea water ornamental fish from other Asian countries, which are imported and then exported. The annual growth rate of export is 5%, and it can earn very considerable foreign exchange every year

export of ornamental fish

tropical fish cultivated in Singapore sell well all over the world. Among the more than 300 ornamental fish varieties exported, Singapore produces 250 kinds of them, and only 25 kinds of fairy fish (angel fish) have different colors and fin shapes. The ornamental fish that reproduce by egg viviparity include peacock fish, moonlight fish, Mary fish and swordtail fish. Among all the export species, lipocyprinidae is the largest, followed by Cichlidae, perch and Cyprinidae. In addition to the freshwater varieties produced in China, there are also seawater ornamental fish purchased from other Asian countries (such as Indonesia, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Maldives, etc.). Therefore, Singapore is also a distribution center for ornamental fish all over the world

the reason for this situation is that apart from Singapore's superior geographical location and developed air transport industry, it is also a tax-free zone with very low import tax rates. In the mid-1980s, Singapore's export of ornamental fish was s $48million, but now it has increased to 1. 5% S $200million, accounting for about one third of the world's ornamental fish exports; It has been exported to more than 60 countries, and the top ten countries are the United States (25.3%), Japan (19.9%), Britain (11.4%), Germany (8.7%), France (7.9%), Italy, Spain, the Netherlands, Australia and Switzerland. The United States and the United Kingdom are traditionally the premier markets. Since 1994, Japan's demand for ornamental fish has grown steadily, becoming the second largest importer of ornamental fish to Singapore. At present, Japan's demand is in a steady state. The world exports about 1billion ornamental fish every year, and Singapore accounts for 300million

a few years ago, Singapore ornamental fish farmers assured buyers that the transportation mortality rate was less than 3%; Some businesses even dare to ensure 100% survival of live fish within two weeks after they arrive at their destination, which reflects that their transportation and feeding technologies are quite mature

license issuance and control

the Singapore government attaches great importance to the import and export of ornamental fish because the export of ornamental fish earns a very considerable amount of foreign exchange every year. In october1983, the system for recognizing qualified ornamental fish exporters was implemented, which was managed by the origin Bureau (now known as the Bureau of agriculture and veterinary) of the competent authority. The staff of the bureau go to the member (exporter) workshop every quarter to check whether the workshop, equipment, stocking and packaging of ornamental fish comply with the regulations, so as to ensure that the exported goods are of high quality and free of disease. The relevant licenses are only issued to those exporters who 5. The marking of the dividing part of the experimental machine should be accurate, uniform, clear, comply with the standards and keep the various facilities of the farm clean. The import and export of ornamental fish are controlled by the fishery import and export sales regulations. All import, export or transshipment of ornamental fish and fish feed must be submitted to the Bureau for signature. The ornamental fish for export must be checked and proved to be free of disease before a health certificate is issued. In case of non-compliance, the Bureau has the right to confiscate its export license

in addition to ensuring that the exported ornamental fish are healthy products, according to the fishery regulations promulgated in 1971, no one is allowed to trade in piranha. In addition, endangered animal species, such as seleropages f ormosus, are also banned from trade. As for ornamental aquatic plants, the agriculture and animal husbandry bureau shall also issue an export quarantine certificate

export packaging

ornamental fish for export must be of good quality. The ornamental fish imported from neighboring countries shall be subject to quarantine inspection to determine whether they have bacteria, and then bagged for export

during quarantine, ornamental fish were treated with antibiotics, tetracycline and methylene blue to prevent disease. After quarantine, the ornamental fish shall be put into a double-layer plastic bag containing clean drinking water, and the bag shall be sealed after being oxygenated to maintain the oxygen supply of the ornamental fish for 24-35 hours; Add antibiotics, tetracycline, methylene blue and other disease prevention agents to the water in the bag. For peacock fish and Mary fish that breed in salty and fresh water, a little rock salt must be added to maintain the salinity of the water. In some special cases, tranquilizers should be added to calm the frightened ornamental fish

there are five kinds of plastic bags used to ship ornamental fish:

full box: 51cm × 86cm × 0. 06cm;

1/2 box: 46cm × 71cm × 0.06cm;

1/4 box: 33cm × 66cm × 0.05cm;

1/6 box: 30cm × 61cm × 0.05cm;

1/8 box: 25cm × 41cm × 0.05cm。

the tail number of ornamental fish in each plastic bag depends on the fish species, individual size and transportation time. Those with a body length of more than 5cm can be put into special plastic bags that customers can take away directly. These fish include large fairy fish, MALAYALI fish, colorful fairy fish, red tail black shark, rainbow shark, etc. Now take the tail number of ornamental fish in each 1/4 bag (i.e. 4 bags in each paper box) as an example for reference:

traffic light fish (neon light): Small - 500 ~ 600; Medium - 300 tails; Large - 200 tails

guppies: medium-sized to 250; Medium and large-175 tails; Resolution of large-scale-1 torque tester resolution of high and low torque tester equipment is an important indicator of instrument performance

angelfish: small-125; Medium - 30 tails

goldfish: 3.8cm-100 tails; 5.7cm-75 tails; 7.6cm-50 tails; 10.1cm-15 tails

the insulation box for fish shall be insulated with foam plastic board to prevent the water temperature in the bag from changing with the temperature

the incubator used to hold ornamental fish bags usually has two specifications, namely 10kg type (48CM × 33cm × 33cm) and 12kg (61cm × 43cm × 30cm)。 The former can hold 50 special plastic bags, while the latter can hold 80 special plastic bags

after installation, carefully seal the incubator tightly, and add labels to transport it to the outlet


the reasons for the success of ornamental fish farming and import and export trade in Singapore can be summarized as follows:

1 It has superior geographical location, suitable climatic conditions, good maritime and aviation networks, frequent business activities with European markets, North America, Australia and other Asian countries, and advanced air transport services

2. There are many kinds of ornamental fish raised. They pay attention to quality and reputation

3. Exporters have certain qualifications and have large and fast packing yards

4. The government's support for the development of aquaculture and export machinery will be greatly increased with the change of the sixth characteristic degree

information source: Aquatic Science and technology intelligence chensixing

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